International passenger

trains in 20th Century Europe

International passenger trains in 20th Century Europe Western Beginnings To Scandinavia Berlin Service Development International passenger trains in 20th Century Europe

Paris to Moskva


  The Paris-Moskva railway linked the cities of Paris, Brussels, Den Haag, Berlin, Warszawa and Moskva covering 3.000 km. The Paris-Moskva main line linked with the Scandinavia railways and the capitals of København, Stockholm and Oslo.  It also served the  Paris to Benelux main line. It carried traffic on the Paris-Berlin railway, the Paris-Warszawa railway and the Paris-Moskva railway parts of the route. Routes to Berlin reflected the variety of working between the cities. In 1914 this railway crossed four countries but by 1991 seven states were now traversed.

 The routes between Paris-Moskva cities did change for a variety of reasons – some due to boundary changes and some due to political arrangements. Poland Border changes meant that this nation moved bodily westward twice in 1920 and 1945. Russia followed in 1946. Additionally the arrival of the German Democratic Republic in 1950 brought the territory ruled by the Soviet Union to within 100km of Hannover. Russian railway destinations varied from St. Peterburg to Moskva. Another consideration here is the  Baltic States capitals – Tallinn, Riga and Vilnius which had sporadic connection to the west according to the political climate of the day. After 1989, two other new states were carved out of former Russian territory – Belarus, and Ukraine. As with the Baltic States, this added another two capital cities which became linked to Poland and the west – Minsk and Kyïv.

 The northern channel ports of Hoek van Holland, Vlissingen and Ostend provided traffic for the Paris-Moskva railway. These services survived up to the opening of the Channel Tunnel in 1994. Finally, Train Service Development shows the trends in service development and how those services changed.

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